As of today, municipal residential organizations buy heat from AO MOSENERGO at 325 rubles/GCal. However, the Regional Energy Commission set the heating tariff for population at 175 rubles/Gcal. Thus, the population pays for only part of the amount for heat while the rest is compensated by the Moscow government in the form of budgetary subsidies.
However, industrial, construction and commercial companies that own residences, as well as housing organizations of federal agencies do not receive subsidies on heat supplied to the population and have to pay the difference themselves. In 2004, the amount to be paid for people that live in non-municipal apartments reached around 1.5 b rubles (the difference between the statutory and actual payment is 18%). Aiming to reduce costs, federal institutions demanded that their housing organizations pay for heat at the rate set for the population (175 rubles/GCal), not at the rates for housing organizations (325 rubles/GCal).
The absence of subsidies from the municipal budget is leading to growing debts of federal housing institutions to Mosenergo. As a result, the company does not receive the required funds that are needed to purchase fuel and carry out maintenance that reduces the reliability of power supply in the Moscow region.